In 2017 the current smoking rate for the District was recorded as 13.1% after several years of fluctuation in the smoking rate, down as low as 15% in 2010, and as high as 25.1% in 2004 . . . there were 2 482 smoking attributable hospitalisations in 2014/15 and 337 smoking attributable deaths in 2013. According to 2015 data, 31.4% of Aboriginal women and 10.2% of non-Aboriginal women smoked during their pregnancy.
The death toll in Australia from smoking will pass the one million mark within this decade. More than 900,000 Australians have already died prematurely because they smoked. Tobacco has been labelled one of the great killers of the twentieth century, causing unnecessary death, disease and disability on a large scale. Tobacco adversely affects almost every organ in the body. Evidence about the dangers of tobacco continues to mount. Smoking greatly increases the risk of many cancers and is a major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ischaemic heart disease.
It is also clear that exposure to second-hand smoke involves adverse health effects including an increased risk of asthma and sudden infant death syndrome for children.